Strict Standards: Declaration of Tag::fieldIsUnique() should be compatible with Omeka_Record::fieldIsUnique($field, $value = NULL) in /home/samanthagibson/nyctaxisoralhistory.com/project/application/models/Tag.php on line 165

Strict Standards: Declaration of Orderable::afterSaveForm() should be compatible with Omeka_Record_Mixin::afterSaveForm(&$post) in /home/samanthagibson/nyctaxisoralhistory.com/project/application/models/Orderable.php on line 131

Strict Standards: Declaration of ExhibitTable::count() should be compatible with Omeka_Db_Table::count($params = Array) in /home/samanthagibson/nyctaxisoralhistory.com/project/plugins/ExhibitBuilder/models/ExhibitTable.php on line 132

Strict Standards: Declaration of Omeka_Acl::addRole() should be compatible with Zend_Acl::addRole($role, $parents = NULL) in /home/samanthagibson/nyctaxisoralhistory.com/project/application/libraries/Omeka/Acl.php on line 18
The New York City Taxi Driver Oral History Project | Taxi History
Strict Standards: Declaration of Omeka_View_Helper_Url::url() should be compatible with Zend_View_Helper_Url::url(array $urlOptions = Array, $name = NULL, $reset = false, $encode = true) in /home/samanthagibson/nyctaxisoralhistory.com/project/application/helpers/Url.php on line 11

Taxi History

A Timeline of the New York City Taxi Industry



1897
Electric Carriage and Wagon Company became the first taxi company in New York City with 12 electric cabs.

1907
Harry Allen establishes the first modern taxicab fleet in New York City, The New York Taxicab Company.

1937
The Haas Act of 1937 introduced the medallion system to the New York taxi industry; in this system, the city government gained the power to regulate the number of taxis on the streets.

1967
Medallion cabs painted yellow in an effort to distinguish them from livery cabs and make them easily recognizable on the streets of New York.

1970
According to the New York Times article "'Locked-Box' May Be Cabbie's Best Friend," 3,000 cab drivers were robbed and seven killed in the first seven months of this year.

1971
The Taxi and Limousine Commission founded to oversee and regulate the taxi industry. Previously, taxis fell under the jurisdiction of the police department.

1979
The TLC legalizes the leasing system, which changed the status of drivers from employees to independent contractors. Over the next several years, the leasing system became the norm at most of the city's fleets and garages.

1996
New medallions added for the first time since 1937.

1998
The New York Taxi Workers Alliance organizes a one-day strike by taxi drivers in protest to Mayor Giuliani's proposed taxi regulations. The success of the strike helped establish the Alliance as the public voice of the city's taxi drivers.

2010
59 Cab drivers arrested in September for overcharging passengers using the out of town rate on the meter.